SIP Phones Features, Definitions, and Terminology

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When deciding which phones would work best for your business you should consider some of the following features and prioritize them within your budget.


  • HD call quality: Phones can come with standard or HD call quality. Standard quality is what you have in traditional phones and have been accustomed to hearing for years. HD stands for High Definition, and you may be familiar with the term in relation to video and televisions. In phones, we are only dealing with audio quality, but the concept is similar to televisions. HD delivers much better audio quality which sounds much closer to the natural sound of the human voice.

    In technical terms, HD call quality has twice as many audio samples as standard sounds. It also captures audio frequencies in a much wider spectrum than standard audio, which also contributes to its more natural-sounding qualities.


    You should get HD phones if you prefer that your employees and clients communicate with better more natural-sounding voice quality.
     
     
  • Gigabit Ethernet (GbE): You may notice that some phones have the letter G in their model number.  This stands for gigabit and indicated that they support a one-gigabit data rate. In telecommunication and computer networking, this is a measurement of the amount of data that is transferred in one second between two points.

    Most phones have two data jacks, one for connecting to the network and one for connecting to a personal computer. In some office environments there is a limited amount of available data ports and phone data jacks are needed for wiring devices to the network. Unless a device is plugged directly into an Ethernet port, the maximum network speed available to it will depend on the phone’s specification. For example, if you have a one-gigabit computer but your computer is connected to the network via a slower 100 Mbps phone then your computer will only be able to achieve a maximum 100Mbps gigabit network rate.


    Another thing to note is that the current popular Wi-Fi 4 standard typically delivers top speeds of up to 500MB per second. If you connect devices wirelessly to a gigabit router you would only be using half of its potential, but for VoIP this speed is more than sufficient and the newer Wi-Fi standards will surpass gigabit performance. 

    While VoIP does not require gigabit speeds, you should get gigabit phones if you want to maximize the performance of your office network.


  • Soft Keys and Line keys: Soft keys are buttons that can perform context and feature dependant functions instead of having fixed operations. Soft keys are usually placed directly adjacent to the screen to allow for easy interaction with the current prompts and available options.

    Example: You are editing a contact to the phone’s memory. You have the option to “Save” or “Cancel” associated with two soft keys. If you select to cancel the screen will prompt “Are you sure you want to discard the changes” with the same two soft keys now associated with “Yes” and “No”.

    Line keys are buttons that are used for selecting different phone lines and extensions. If they are adjacent to the screen they can also double as soft keys and interact with the content on it. 
    Line keys can have BLF functionality to indicate the presence and availability of other users on the system.

    More advanced phones will have customizable soft keys called DSS  Direct Station Selection. These are not necessarily associated with the basic operation of the phone but can be customized to perform various phone and PBX functions. For example, a user can program one DSS key to open the company’s directory and program a different DSS key to forward a call to a specific call queue.

    Touch screen phones usually don't have physical soft keys but offer similar functionality with contextual buttons and icons on the screen itself.


    Some of the corded Yealink phones that we sell offer expansion modules that add additional soft and line keys to the phone. See the SIP Telephones Buying Guides article for more details.

    You should get phones with more soft and line keys (or ones that can be extended) if you want to have the flexibility to perform more functions and connect with more users directly from the phone itself rather than from a softphone or the TeleConsole.
     

  • Touch screen: This is a telephone display that allows direct interaction with context, very much like your smartphone or tablet. Touch screens essentially replace the function of soft keys, making any soft keys on a phone available to be user customized.

     

    You should get phones with touch screens if you want users to have easier and more intuitive communication. 


  • Color or Black and White: Self-explanatory. This is an indication of the display being color or black and white. Color displays allow for more details and visual cues (for example active calls can be green and held calls can be red). Color displays are inherently more advanced and therefore usually also have more pixel count, which makes them sharper with more legible icons.
  • Screen size: Self-explanatory. This is the size of the telephone’s screen measured in inches. A bigger screen allows for more details to be displayed. For example, a larger screen will be able to show five calls on hold at once while on a smaller screen you will only be able to see three and you will have to scroll down to see the other two.

  • Screen resolution: This is a count of the total number of pixels on a phone's display shown as a multiple of the number of horizontal and vertical pixels. A higher pixel count means the phone can display more details with sharper quality.

    You should get a colored larger screen with more pixel count if the communication volume suggests that users require access to more details. For example, a sales agent making one call at a time would be fine with a smaller simpler screen, but the office's receptionist, who handles multiple calls, will benefit from a larger colored screen. 
     


  • Wi-Fi: Indicates if a phone supports Wi-Fi communication, that is if it can be connected to a network without any cables using a Wi-Fi connection. Such phones can be easily moved around. They will always also have regular data jacks should you decide to plug them into the network using cables after all.  

    Some of the phones that we sell can be expanded to have Wi-Fi functionality with a Wi-Fi USB dongle. See the SIP Telephones Buying Guides article for more details. 

    If you have a phone without built-in Wi-Fi or an expansion option, you can instead connect the phone to a Wi-Fi bridge a device that will provide the connection to your wireless network.

    While VoIP should generally work fine over Wi-Fi, a wired Ethernet connection is still preferable being inherently more stable and secure!

    You should get Wi-Fi phones if you like to reduce cable clutter or if you have users sitting far from physical Ethernet jacks.


  • Bluetooth: Bluetooth connectivity allows a telephone to connect to either Bluetooth headsets (not to be confused with the more expensive wireless headsets) or any other Bluetooth-capable device. For example, you can receive calls on your smartphone after pairing it with your SIP phone over a Bluetooth connection.)

    Some of the Yealink phones that we sell can be expanded to have Bluetooth functionality with a Bluetooth USB dongle. See the SIP Telephones Buying Guides article for more details. 

    This is about convenience. Some users prefer the freedom of being able to walk around when talking to clients and would benefit from Bluetooth-capable telephones. 



  • Voltage/POE: POE stands for Power Over Ethernet and is a technology that lets network cables carry electrical power, hence your IP phone can function with one cable that provides both power and data.

    All of Telebroad's recommended  phones are POE compatible. The question however is if your network infrastructure supports the technology. If not, you will simply have to buy a power adapter with your phone. The voltage for this adapter is given in our phones' comparison tables. Another option is to add a POE injector  a device that adds POE functionality to  your network and can supply power to your devices via the network cables.  

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